By Jon R. Huibregtse
American historians are likely to think that exertions activism used to be moribund within the years among the 1st international warfare and the recent Deal. Jon Huibregtse demanding situations this angle in his exam of the railroad unions of the time, arguing that not just have been they lively, yet that they made a giant distinction in American hard work practices by means of aiding to set felony precedents. Huibregtse explains how efforts through the Plumb Plan League and the Railroad exertions government organization created the Railroad hard work Act, its amendments, and the Railroad Retirements Act. those legislation turned versions for the nationwide hard work kinfolk Act and the Social protection Act. regrettably, the numerous contributions of the railroad legislation are, often, ignored whilst the NLRA or Social protection are mentioned. supplying a brand new point of view on hard work unions within the Nineteen Twenties, Huibregtse describes how the railroad unions created a version for union activism that employees' agencies for the subsequent 20 years.
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Additional resources for American Railroad Labor and the Genesis of the New Deal, 1919-1935
G. Lee, president of the BRT, met with carriers’ representatives to discuss the problem. Simultaneously, the Switchmens Union of North America (SUNA) was meeting in Chicago and passed a resolution that called for a 50 percent wage increase. On November 1 the New York Times reported that the three unions were prepared to strike if their wage demands were not met. 14 The USRA quickly addressed the wage question. McAdoo appointed a commission, chaired by Franklin K. Lane, secretary of the interior, to investigate.
19 The desire of the unions to maintain their improved position in the face of strong employer opposition in the post-war years was the basis for their electoral and lobbying efforts in the years between World War I and the New Deal. Although the federal government had taken an active role in railroad The Great War and its Aftermath 27 labor relations prior to the war, it was through the agency of the unions in the interwar years that its role increased. In the aftermath of the war, railroad workers were eager to continue government control.
The union leaders showed little political savvy in their support of the Plumb Plan. In the aftermath of World War I, the United States experienced a spasm of violence aimed at political radicals, unionists, and anyone else deemed un-American. During the Red Scare, strikes were crushed, violence was common, and immigrant radicals, like Emma Goldman, were deported. Even in a less charged political environment, the Plumb Plan would have had little chance of being enacted. Outside of organized labor, a few farm organizations, and a small band of intellectuals the Plumb Plan received little attention.
American Railroad Labor and the Genesis of the New Deal, 1919-1935 by Jon R. Huibregtse