By Ann Cook

ISBN-10: 0764114298

ISBN-13: 9780764114298

Publication by means of Ann prepare dinner

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Additional info for American Accent Training: A Guide to Speaking and Pronouncing American English for Everyone Who Speaks English as a Second Language

Example text

Topicalisation breaks the standard word order of written language. In speaking, the word order does not seem ‘broken’ in any sense, however, since the aim is to emphasise the topic. It is a very frequent feature of informal talk, and McCarthy and Carter (1995: 211) suggest that the explanation is that it has significant interpersonal meaning. It often indicates that an important topic of conversation is to follow. Thus, their example of That house in the corner, is that where you live? is presumably an introduction into a discussion on the house or the neighbourhood, something that the speaker is reminded of upon seeing the house.

Nunan (1993: 59) defines a communicative task as: . . a piece of classroom work which involves learners in comprehending, manipulating, producing or interacting in the target language while their attention is principally focused on meaning rather than form. . Minimally, a task will consist of some input data and one or Speaking tasks 31 more related activities and procedures. g. g. g. a road map). In addition, tasks will have, either explicitly or implicitly (and in most cases these are implicit), goals, roles of teachers and learners and a setting.

People can, for instance, talk ‘too much’ because they want to seem interested and thus polite, or they may bend the truth in order not to hurt someone. e. a significant request) in the situational and cultural context (Thomas, 1995). For a discussion on politeness, see Thomas for a concise introduction, and Brown and Levinson (1987) for more extensive discussion. Impressions of politeness are almost guaranteed to influence the assessment of spoken performances, whether acknowledged or not. Politeness is a difficult concept for assessment, however, because it is guided by principles rather than laws.

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American Accent Training: A Guide to Speaking and Pronouncing American English for Everyone Who Speaks English as a Second Language by Ann Cook


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