By Susan Krauss Whitbourne, Stacey B. Whitbourne

ISBN-10: 0470646977

ISBN-13: 9780470646977

Adult improvement and getting older: Biopsychosocial views, fifth Edition incorporates fabric that the authors, Susan Krauss Whitbourne and Stacey B. Whitbourne, think is essential to pupil figuring out of this rapidly-developing and interesting box of research. this article specializes in 3 topics: a multidisciplinary procedure, confident photographs of getting older, and the most recent and such a lot suitable study. a lot of what scholars will learn comes at once from Susan’s lecture room instructing of the Psychology of getting older direction; she keeps to include her daily instructing of the direction into the textual content, which retains the cloth present, clean, and fascinating.

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Because this exposure is gradual, the model assumes that there are no clearcut or identifiable stages. Instead, development is a smooth, continuous set of gradations as the individual acquires new experiences. 1 is the interactionist model, the perspective that the evolving field of developmental science most closely represents. According to the interactionist model, not only do genetics and environment interact in complex ways (as suggested by the niche-picking concept), but the individual also actively participates in his or her development through reciprocal relations with the environment.

The Life Course Perspective The life course perspective emphasizes the importance of age-based norms, roles, and attitudes as influences that shape events throughout development. Through the life course perspective, sociologists and social gerontologists attempt to form links between these broad social factors and individual adjustment. These social scientists distinguish the term life ‘‘course’’ from life ‘‘span’’ in emphasizing the non-biological factors that influence changes over time. Falling broadly within the life course perspective are theories that attempt to link social factors with individual adaptation.

Perhaps the most hotly debated of these discussions revolved around whether intelligence is inherited or acquired. Gradually data began to accumulate showing that neither influence alone could account for individual differences in performance on intelligence tests—in children or adults. One contribution that changed the tone of the nature–nurture debate occurred when the concept of niche-picking (Scarr & McCartney, 1983) was introduced. According to this concept, genetic and environmental factors work together to influence the direction that children’s lives take.

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Adult development and aging : biopsychosocial perspectives by Susan Krauss Whitbourne, Stacey B. Whitbourne


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