By Rita J. Simon

Abortion is among the so much compelling public coverage concerns dealing with govt and the general public within the usa at the present time. such a lot societies have enacted legislation and statutes relating to abortion, and so much societies have powerful emotions concerning contraception and abortion. however the criminal statutes and attitudes keep on with markedly various methods. Simon examines how this factor is being confronted within the usa, Canada, a pattern of Western and japanese eu nations, center jap, African, and Latin American societies, and, between Asian international locations, Japan, China, and India, in addition to Australia.

After a quick historic advent, Simon examines the felony statutes bearing on abortion within the chosen international locations after which studies public attitudes towards abortion in keeping with responses to nationwide public opinion polls. She concludes through discussing the relationships among the legislation and statutes concerning abortion and the international locations' guidelines vis-^D`a-vis inhabitants development and regulate. Abortion is the 1st quantity in a chain that may learn significant public coverage matters utilizing an explicitly comparative method. each one will function a guide for college students, researchers, and students, containing easy empirical facts and finished references at the social factor or perform less than examination.

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Across the Atlantic, only Cuba, Canada, and the United States permit abortions on demand. According to Dr. Yvette Delph of the World Health Organization, about two hundred million pregnancies occur worldwide of which twenty million are aborted in unsafe conditions, resulting in 70,000 maternal deaths (Technical Report 31, UN Population Fund, December 9, 1994). Unsafe abortion is one of the leading causes of the more t h a n 500,000 maternal deaths t h a t occur each year in the world, claims Carla Abou-Zaki of the World Health Organization (WHO) Maternal Health and Safe Motherhood Programme.

The forced sterilization program was one of the major factors in the collapse of Indira Gandhi's government in 1977. In the early 1980s, as procedures for determining the sex of the fetus became widely available, the abortion of female fetuses became common practice. A report released in 1989 claimed t h a t from 1978 to 1982, 78,000 fetuses were aborted after sex determination tests (Patel, V. 1987). Another report based on a survey in Bombay stated t h a t out of 8,000 abortions conducted after sex determination tests, 7999 involved female fetuses (Statesman, Dec.

House of Representatives had passed the legislation by more t h a n enough votes to override a veto. The bill seeks to ban a • Statutes in Selected Countries • 35 procedure under which a surgeon pulls the fetus out of the birth canal feet first and then punctures the head, removes the brain, and collapses the skull so the fetus can be removed vaginally. It could be used only to save a woman's life, not to protect her health. Of the estimated 1,529,000 abortions performed each year, 16,000 are performed after the twentieth week and are known as late-term abortions (Barbara Kantrowitz, "A Bitter New Battle over Partial Birth Abortions,"Newsweek, March 17, 1997; based on a survey for the Alan Guttmacher Institute).

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Abortion. Statutes, Policies, and Public Attitudes the World Over by Rita J. Simon


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