By Teodoro A. Llamzon S.J. (auth.)

ISBN-10: 9401576106

ISBN-13: 9789401576109

ISBN-10: 9401700575

ISBN-13: 9789401700573

BY J. C. ANCEAUX because the visual appeal of Brugmann's recognized article at the relation­ ships of the Indo-European languages in 1884, the topic of sub­ grouping of languages as a methodological challenge has been raised purely sometimes. To this obvious loss of curiosity in a huge element in comparative linguistics numerous motives might be assigned. one among them is consensus has been reached concerning the major outlines of the family-tree for the language-family which has bought extra consciousness than the other: the Indo-European. one other rationalization is that for many of the branches of this family members historic fabrics can be found that have proved very useful for the reconstruction of the inter­ mediate levels among the proto-Ianguage ande the modem languages. For a number of branches simply has the matter of subgrouping been a question for dialogue (e.g. Germanic). particular realization, even if, can be anticipated from those that began to observe the comparative ways to different language-families. This awareness did come ahead, notwithstanding no longer instantly, simply because linguists first needed to take care of the issues of proving the life of the kinfolk in query and figuring out which languages belonged to it. For the Austronesian languages critical attemps to reach at a lin­ guistic type began fairly past due. yes instances of nearer relationships have been visible sufficient to be famous very early ( e.g.

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Extra resources for A Subgrouping of Nine Philippine Languages

Sample text

Hita, Ch. , Bk. )' in PMP. was kamu: MI. ), TB. , Bk. kamu. The morphological combination of adding *Da to a pronominal form is found only in the NPh. languages,15 and appears to be an innovation. 5 The following set of free nominative plural forms: H. dida, Ka. 3), and *Da again. The H. form may conceivably have been *daida, but became dida by a contraction of vowels. Since the forms in the other languages for the free nominative 'they' imply a Pmp. 4), and since the form *DaiDa is found only in H.

Haqqen, and Ka. hakqen, hiakqen 'I' imply a proto-form siqaken. g. MI. si Kasim 'Kasim', TB. si Horas 'Horace', Jv. si Tomo 'TomO', Chamorro si nana 'mother', Tg. si ama 'father', Se. si tu:ni 'Tony', Hi. si pidru 'Peter', H. hi wi:gan 'Wigan', Ka. hi bihtay 'Bistay' etc. 9). The Ib. form seems to have originated from *siqaken, which by loss of q became *siaken, and then by contraction sa:kan. The H. form could have originated from *siqaken, which by metathesis became *hiaqqon (*k > H. 5), and finally by contraction of vowels became haqqon, which is the form for 'I' in Guhang Hugao; the vowel e in the Bayninan form haqqen is unexplained (but notice that it is like Ka.

Masissi :l3an 'being seen' ({ ma-} H. munhapha:pit 'eontinually speaking' ({mun-} R {ha:pit} 'a tale'), R {ha:pit} 'a tale), Ka. menhapha:pit 'telling a tale' ({ men-} Trukese mömmööt 'sitting'( {mööt} 'sit') ,24 TB. marmemeam, or marmeammeam 'playing' ({meam} 'play'), To. vakavakai 'looking' ({ vakai} 'look'). 1 The exclusively shared morphologieal features whieh ean be eonsidered as evidenee for the subgrouping of the nine Philippine languages under study may now be tabulated as follows: Tg. Se.

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A Subgrouping of Nine Philippine Languages by Teodoro A. Llamzon S.J. (auth.)

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