By Elizabeth Rose
American citizens this day reside with conflicting principles approximately day care. We criticize moms who decide on to not remain at domestic, yet we strain girls on welfare to depart their kids in the back of. We realize some great benefits of early youth schooling, yet don't supply it as a public correct until eventually young ones input kindergarten. our kids are precious, yet we pay minimal wages to the overwhelmingly lady staff which cares for them. we're not quite certain if day care is harmful or helpful for kids, or if moms may still quite be within the staff. to raised know how we have now arrived at those present-day dilemmas, Elizabeth Rose argues, we have to discover day care's past.
A Mother's Job is the 1st publication to provide such an exploration. as a consequence learn of Philadelphia, Rose examines the various meanings of day take care of households and prone from the overdue 19th century in the course of the postwar prosperity of the Nineteen Fifties. Drawing on richly exact documents created by way of social staff, she explores altering attitudes approximately motherhood, charity, and kid's needs.
How did day care swap from a charity for terrible unmarried moms on the flip of the century right into a well-known want of standard households by means of 1960? This booklet lines that transformation, telling the tale of day care from the altering views of the households who used it and the philanthropists and social employees who administered it. We see day care throughout the eyes of the immigrants, whites, and blacks who relied upon day care carrier in addition to via these of the pros who supplied it.
This quantity will entice an individual drawn to knowing the roots of our present day care concern, in addition to the wider problems with schooling, welfare, and women's work--all matters during which the foremost questions of day care are enmeshed. scholars of social heritage, women's historical past, welfare coverage, childcare, and schooling also will come upon a lot helpful info during this well-written book.
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Extra info for A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960 (2003)
Thus, when elite women looked at the “homeless” children of working mothers and decided to establish day nurseries, they were meeting a real need, despite the class- and culture-speciﬁc nature of their concern. The institutions that they created may not have been exactly what the working mothers would have wanted, had they been asked. But the mothers would make use of them nevertheless. “Accidental Philanthropy”: The Beginnings of Day Nurseries “The day nursery,” Helen Glenn Tyson commented in her 1925 survey of day nurseries in Pennsylvania, “is the most accidental form of philanthropy imaginable.
74 In 1913, the society page of the Philadelphia Record featured an article about the First Day Nursery. ”75 Such volunteerism was an central part of upper-class women’s lives: it gave them a socially acceptable— even mandatory— sphere of public activity, allowing them to take on all the responsibilities of managing a major institution without challenging the idea that women did not belong in the public realm of business and politics. Charitable activity was an important outlet for women’s energies; for instance, Fanny Binswanger organized the Young Women’s Union after her father forbade her to go to college.
And today it is receiving substantial help from the legacies of those who were its friends in its early struggles for existence. ”91 Indeed, much of the nursery’s income from the mid-1880s through the 1910s came from numerous bequests of more than one thousand dollars. ”92 The Young Women’s Union also beneﬁted from legacies and effective private fund-raising networks: in 1896, the annual report explained, “the executors of the estate of the late Simon Muhr recently offered $5000 for a building or endowment fund with the sole condition that an equal amount be raised within a speciﬁed time.
A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960 (2003) by Elizabeth Rose