By Deborah Simonton

ISBN-10: 0415055318

ISBN-13: 9780415055314

ISBN-10: 0415055326

ISBN-13: 9780415055321

A background of eu Women's paintings attracts jointly contemporary learn, energetic own money owed and statistical proof to take an summary of tendencies in women's paintings from the pre-industrial interval to the current. Deborah Simonton discusses the definition of labor inside of and with no patriarchal households, the prestige of labor and the talents concerned. She examines neighborhood in addition to Europe-wide advancements, contrasting international locations similar to Britain, Germany and France. She considers women's personal perceptions of labor and its position of their lives in addition to age and sophistication, to give a rounded account of the moving styles of employment and the continuities that are obvious within the women's personal adventure.

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It pictures the family as dependent on the paid labour of husbands/fathers and the unpaid labour of wives/mothers in domestic tasks, and combines this with the ideology of the family, the private sphere. 11 The danger is that theory has overrun knowledge, since we still know remarkably little of what this ‘transition’ meant for women. The concept of the family economy was also imbedded in an economic system based on agriculture, agricultural trades, and a domestic system of industrial production.

In Germany, Sweden and Finland the practice remained of sending daughters into service, not to save for a dowry, but to pay parents’ feudal dues. In north-west Germany wives could be required to contribute twenty to twenty-five days of agricultural work as labour rent, as in Scotland. These days were often concentrated in haying, planting and harvest seasons, leaving little time for peasants to work their own land. In many cases, the main work of the household plot fell to those women whose service demands were usually lighter.

The conventional emphasis on late eighteenth-century factory development especially misrepresents women’s part. It implies that they newly entered the workforce, and primarily as millworkers. Yet, women had been and continued to be employed in all forms of agricultural, commercial and industrial organization, but this is blurred by overlapping changes in their work. Accelerated growth generated new opportunities for them, while losses in existing trades changed the shape of women’s paid labour.

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A History of European Women's Work: 1700 to the Present by Deborah Simonton

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