By Stephen Colvin
A old Greek Reader presents an advent to the heritage of the traditional Greek language via a sequence of texts with linguistic statement, cross-referenced to one another and to a reference grammar on the entrance. It deals a range of epigraphic and literary texts from the Mycenaean interval (roughly the fourteenth century BC) to the koinГ© (the newest textual content dates to the second one century AD), and encompasses a wide variety of Greek dialect texts. The epigraphic part balances a few recognized inscriptions with fresh discoveries that will not be simply to be had in different places; a variety of literary texts strains significant advancements within the language of Greek poetry and literary prose. The booklet finishes with an account of the linguistic and sociolinguistic history of koinГ© Greek. The observation assumes no earlier wisdom of Greek historic linguistics, yet offers a easy quantity of up to date bibliography in order that complex scholars and others can pursue linguistic concerns at better intensity the place valuable.
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Additional resources for A Historical Greek Reader: Mycenaean to the Koine
Cypriot syllabic script (§20) is often ambiguous, especially with regard to vowels. Arc. is of limited help, since there is no particular reason to assume that the two dialects would show similar reﬂexes in developments which postdate the eleventh century. After this period Cyp. will have been in interaction with its nearest Greek neighbours 32 Introduction §26 in Pamphylia, Rhodes (which had colonies on the Anatolian coast), and Ionia. Reconstructing the phonetic properties of the Cypriot vowel system remains conjectural, however.
4). 8. Inherited υ remained a true [u], unlike in Attic, and from the early IV cent. was generally written ου to indicate this. 9. 2). lesbian only: 10. Ancient grammatical sources, and the accentuation of some manuscripts, indicate that the accent in Lesbian was recessive (as close to the beginning of the word as possible, as in the Att. verb). 2 11. 6c). 12. Secondary long e and o merged with the inherited open vowels [ε:] (η) and [ :] (ω). 1 Blümel (1982: 159–61). 2 Probert (2003: 159–60), West (1970b).
Bc): in literary Ionic it occurs in the texts of Herakleitos, Semonides, Kallinos, Anakreon, Hipponax, Herodotos, the Hippokratic corpus, and Herodas. 1 1 Aristoph. Triphales 556 PCG. §32. Morphology/Syntax characteristic features of attic-ionic 1. The athematic 3 plur. imperf. and aor. was originally θεν, δον, etc. < * θε-ντ, δο-ντ, and this is retained in some dialects. -Ion. 38 Introduction §32 θεσαν, etc. has been recharacterized with -σαν from the sigmatic aor. (so also the aor. pass. , giving θεαν, etc.
A Historical Greek Reader: Mycenaean to the Koine by Stephen Colvin