By Marian Klamer
Teiwa is a non-Austronesian ('Papuan') language spoken at the island of Pantar, in japanese Indonesia, situated simply north of Timor island. It has approx. 4,000 audio system and is extremely endangered. whereas the non-Austronesian languages of the Alor-Pantar archipelago are truly on the topic of one another, as indicated by means of the numerous obvious cognates and the very related pronominal paradigms came across around the crew, their genetic dating to different Papuan languages continues to be debatable. positioned a few 1,000 km from their putative Papuan friends at the New Guinea mainland, the Alor-Pantar languages are the main far away westerly Papuan outliers. A grammar of Teiwa provides a grammatical description of 1 of those 'outlier' languages. The booklet is dependent as a reference grammar: after a normal creation at the language, it audio system and the linguistic scenario on Alor and Pantar, the grammar builds up from an outline of the language's phonology and observe periods to its better grammatical ingredients and their mutual kin: nominal words, serial verb buildings, clauses, clause mixtures, and data constitution. whereas many Papuan languages are morphologically advanced, Teiwa is nearly analytic: it has just one paradigm of item marking prefixes, and one verbal suffix marking realis prestige. different typologically fascinating positive factors of the language contain: (i) the presence of uvular fricatives and prevents, that's bizarre for languages of jap Indonesia; (ii) the absence of trivalent verbs: transitive verbs decide on a unmarried (animate or inanimate) item, whereas the extra player is expressed with a separate predicate; and (iii) the absence of morpho-syntactically encoded embedded clauses. A grammar of Teiwa is predicated on fundamental box information, accrued by means of the writer in 2003-2007. a variety of glossed and translated Teiwa texts of assorted style
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Teiwa (Mouton Grammar Library)
Teiwa has only one verbal suffix –(a)n (Ch. 1). This suffix marks realis status on verbs (glossed as ‘REAL’). Teiwa has a limited number of nominal and verbal compounds (Ch. 11), and no dedicated morphology to derive nominals, although a secondary function of the 3rd person possessor prefix ga- is to nominalize adjectives, locational nouns, adverbs, and question words (Ch. 3). The language has only one verbal derivational prefix: applicative un-, which is no longer productive (Ch. 12). 30 1. Introduction Teiwa nouns do not inflect for number, gender or case.
Mr Seprianus Pering [brother of Aser Pering] (1969). Place of birth: Madar. Stayed in Madar all his life. Schooling: SMP (partly). Occupation: Farmer. Other languages: Indonesian/Malay. Wife speaks Kroku, but is also fluent in Teiwa. Speaks Teiwa and Indonesian/Malay with his wife. Speaks Indonesian/Malay with his children, as they do not really speak Teiwa. Wife speaks Kroku with the children. Mr Amos Sir (1959). Place of birth: Lebang (Pantar). Schooling: University, English language and literature.
Polygamy was allowed until the 1960’s, when the church forbade it. Traditional inheritance rules are as follows. When a man dies, his eldest son inherits all his possessions (which may include land, money, traditional cloth, and jewelry). However, when the son is not yet an adult, his father’s younger brother will be responsible for the inheritance until he reaches adulthood. A daughter has, or will become a member of her husband’s clan, and will not inherit anything because it would effectively mean that the inheritance goes to her husband’s clan.
A Grammar of Teiwa (Mouton Grammar Library) by Marian Klamer