By Troy Paddock

ISBN-10: 0275973832

ISBN-13: 9780275973834

World warfare I highlighted the impact of newspapers in rousing and retaining public aid for the struggle attempt. Discussions of the position of the clicking within the nice conflict have, thus far, principally thinking about atrocity tales. This e-book bargains the 1st comparative research of ways newspapers in nice Britain, France, Russia, Germany, and Austria-Hungary tried to outline battle, its targets, and the enemy. provided country-by-country, professional essays research, via use of translated articles from the modern press, how newspapers of alternative countries outlined the struggle for his or her readership and the beliefs they used to justify a battle and aid governments that a few segments of the clicking had adversarial quite a few months earlier.

During the hole months of the warfare, governments tried to persuade public opinion functioned in a mostly adverse model, for instance, the censoring of army info or criticisms of presidency rules. there has been little attempt to supply a favorable message to sway readers. for this reason, newspapers had a comparatively loose hand in justifying the conflict and the explanations for his or her respective nation's involvement. Partisan politics used to be a staple of the pre-war press; hence, newspapers may perhaps and did outline the battle in phrases that mirrored their very own political beliefs and schedule. Conservative, liberal, and socialist newspapers all principally supported the warfare (the ones that didn't have been close down immediately), yet they did so for various purposes and was hoping for various results if their part was once victorious.

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Additional resources for A Call to Arms: Propaganda, Public Opinion, and Newspapers in the Great War

Example text

Yet these stories did not originate with the newspaper's own journalistic or editorial staff, but rather with an apparently credible agency of a foreign government. It is around this date that the coverage of atrocities intensifies significantly. There were several reasons for this, not least the desire to stimulate recruiting during the panic after the first reports of the battle of Mons. But the strongest stimulus came from events at Louvain (Leuven). Louvain was significant for two reasons. The first was its particular cultural resonances.

On August 6,1914, there is a story on page 7 and an editorial about the destruction of a Belgian village. " 31 On August 8, two reports refer to the indiscriminate use of naval mines, describing this as a disloyal and cruel form of war. 32 The first full editorial on this subject occurs on August 12, entitled "German Brutality": They are also reported in many places to have mistreated civilians on whom they have waged unprovoked war with appalling brutality. Our Special Correspondent in Belgium, Mr Jeffries says he cannot bring himself to believe these stories and hopes they will not be confirmed, but the grim account, which we reproduce today from the Temps proves that the Germans have shot unarmed Frenchmen for the sole crime of crying "Vive la France/'33 It is a revealing editorial; it shows a willingness to express the skepticism of the paper's own correspondent, along with a willingness to accept the reliability of atrocity stories on other authority.

To refuse to publish stories discreditable to the enemy that were believed to be true and for which there was reasonable evidence would have been utterly perverse. There is, of course, a world of difference between this A Clash of Cultures 27 and invention and exaggeration with the explicit purpose of blackening the reputation of the enemy. In the opening week of the war, the stories of German misbehavior that were printed in the Daily Mail were, by modern standards, extremely bland. On August 6,1914, there is a story on page 7 and an editorial about the destruction of a Belgian village.

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A Call to Arms: Propaganda, Public Opinion, and Newspapers in the Great War by Troy Paddock


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