By E. Anderson
Drawing on thousands of interviews with 15-22 12 months previous instantly and homosexual male athletes in either the USA and the uk, this ebook explores how jocks have redefined heterosexuality, and now not worry being concept homosexual for behaviors that restricted males of the former iteration.
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Extra resources for 21st Century Jocks: Sporting Men and Contemporary Heterosexuality
However, homophobia is not in-and-of-itself an appropriate term to capture many of the dynamics I see at play concerning sexuality and masculinity today. It is for this reason that I created the term homohysteria. The term refers to one’s fear of being thought homosexual through the “wrongdoing” of cultural gender norms. I will detail the concept with an example. In 1999, playwright and AIDS activist Larry Kramer told Salon magazine: “There’s no question in my mind [President Abraham Lincoln] was a gay man and a totally gay man.
It is here that Connell’s theorizing has greatly benefited the field of masculinities. In conceptualizing intra-masculine domination, Connell argues that one archetype of masculinity, which she calls hegemonic masculinity, is esteemed above all others, so that boys and men who most closely embody this standard are accorded the most social capital. Gay men are at the bottom of the hierarchy, and straight men who behave in ways that conflict with this valorized masculinity are marginalized. Thus, according to this model, homophobia is a particularly effective weapon to stratify men in deference to a hegemonic mode of heteromasculine dominance (Connell 1995).
Most of the youth I study are distancing themselves from the corporeal pissing contest Homohysteria 51 of muscularity, hyper-heterosexuality, and masculinity of the1980s, something evidenced through the sexualization of young, thin boys in mainstream culture. One no longer needs to be muscular and violent; one no longer needs to be a teamsport athlete to be popular (McCormack 2011a). Supporting my thesis, 2013 data from one of the world’s largest advertising agencies, JWT (formerly known as J. Walter Thompson Company), of 500 American and 500 British men aged 18 and over shows that men are rapidly losing orthodox notions of masculinity, in multiple arenas (JWT 2013).
21st Century Jocks: Sporting Men and Contemporary Heterosexuality by E. Anderson